How Does Buying Foreclosures Work?
2 min readThu Apr 13 2023

Introduction to Investing in Foreclosures

Buying a foreclosure can be a great way to invest in a property at a lower price than its market value. However, it is crucial to understand the process of buying foreclosures to avoid costly mistakes. In this blog post, we will discuss how buying foreclosures works and what to consider before making a purchase.

Buying a foreclosed property


  • Foreclosed properties can offer investors great discounts
  • The 3 stages of foreclosure include Pre-Foreclosure, Auction, and REO (Real Estate Owned)
  • Buying foreclosed homes has its pros and cons, so you need to do your research

What is a Foreclosure in Real Estate?

Foreclosure is a legal process in which a lender repossesses a property because the owner has failed to make mortgage payments. After the property is foreclosed, the lender attempts to sell it to recover the money it is owed.

3 Stages of Foreclosure

  1. Pre-Foreclosure: The pre-foreclosure stage starts when the owner misses a mortgage payment. The lender then sends a Notice of Default (NOD) to begin the legal process of foreclosure. At this stage, the owner still has the opportunity to sell the property before the lender takes over.
    Pre-foreclosed properties are publicly recorded, and you can search for listings  through the county recorders’ offices. Also, be sure to check if there is a lien on a property that you wish to buy. In some cases, you may be able to negotiate a lower price with the owner to avoid foreclosure.
  2. Auction: At the auction stage, the lender sells the property at a public auction to the highest bidder. Typically held at the county courthouse, the bidding usually starts at the amount owed on the property. However, the highest bidder is not always the winner. In some states, the winner of the auction has to pay the full amount in cash or with a cashier's check.
    Therefore, it is crucial to research the auction process in the state where the property resides before participating.
  3. REO: The third and final stage of foreclosure is REO (Real Estate Owned), when the lender takes ownership of the property after it fails to sell at the auction. The advantage of buying an REO property is that the lender has already cleared the title, and you do not have to worry about liens or back taxes.    
    That said, these properties are typically sold in "as-is" condition, which means the buyer must accept its current condition without any repairs or renovations by the seller. The goal is to sell the property as quickly as possible, which is why they are often priced at a discount.


Buying foreclosures can be a great way to purchase a property at a lower price, but it's crucial to understand the process and risks involved. Pre-foreclosure, auction, and REO are the three stages of foreclosure, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. Conducting a thorough inspection and research before making an offer is crucial to avoid costly mistakes. Remember to have a budget in mind and stick to it to avoid overpaying. With careful consideration and proper due diligence, buying foreclosed properties can be a profitable investment.


Ready to buy a foreclosed property? Contact us to apply for financing!

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